Kākuhihewa is the 15th aliʻi ‘aimoku (ruling chief) of O‘ahu famously named in the mele “Kaulana Nā Pua.” Kākuhihewa was a kind and friendly chief who was born in Kūkaniloko and raised in the ‘Ewa moku. His primary endeavor was farming, and it is said that his abundant harvests on O‘ahu could be smelled from Kaua‘i.
Today, there is a state office building named after him in Kapolei.
King Kamehameha I (Paiʻea Kalaninui Kamehameha) is the founder of the Hawaiian Kingdom, the monarchical government of the Hawaiian islands. Upon unifying the eight islands in 1795, he governed as a just law-giver and set an example by working in the taro patches, remaining true to the ways of his ancestors. Paiʻea reigned from April 1810 to May 1819.
Kamehameha Day: June 11, 1871
Successor to the throne, Kamehameha II (Kalaninui kua Liholiho i ke kapu ʻIolani) is the son of Kamehameha I and his sacred wife Keōpūlani. Together with Kuhina Nui Ka‘ahumanu, he dealt with:
Liholiho reigned from May 1819 to July 1824.
The second son of Kamehameha I and Keōpūlani, Kamehameha III (Kauikeaouli) ruled the Hawaiian Kingdom following the death of his brother, Kamehameha II (Liholiho). Kauikeaouli sustained the Hawaiian Kingdom amidst rapid settlement of foreigners with:
Kauikeaouli reigned from July 1824 to December 1854.
Successor to the throne, Kamehameha IV (Alexander Liholiho) is the nephew of Kamehameha III (Kauikeaouli). Liholiho and his wife, Queen Emma Kalanikaumakaʻamano Kaleleonālani Naʻea Rooke:
Liholiho reigned from December 1854 to November 1863.
The 17 year old niece of King Kamehameha II & III, Victoria Kamāmalu became a Kuhina Nui in 1855. After Kamehameha IV (Alexander Liholiho) died in 1864, Kamāmalu assumed power for a day before proclaiming her brother Lot Kamehameha the rightful successor to Kamehameha IV.
Kamehameha V (Lot Kamehameha) succeeded as king following the death of his younger brother, Kamehameha IV (Alexander Liholiho). During his reign, he:
Lot Kamehameha reigned from November 1863 to December 1872.
Because King Kamehameha V (Lot Kamehameha) had no successor, William Charles Lunalilo became the first elected King by the Legislative Assembly. During his reign, he:
Lunalilo reigned in the year between January 1873 and February 1874.
King David La‘amea Kalākaua is the second elected King by the Legislative Assembly. During his reign, he:
Kalākaua reigned from February 1874 to January 1891.
Her Majesty Queen Lili‘uokalani (Lydia Kamaka‘eha Dominis) was the heir to her brother, King David La‘amea Kalākaua. Because monarchical power was restricted under the Bayonet Constitution, Lili‘uokalani drafted a new Constitution to restore political power, affirm the birthright of Hawaiian Royalty, and protect Hawai‘i people. Queen Lili‘uokalani reigned from January 1891 until she was illegally overthrown in opposition to her new Constitution on January 17, 1893.